Collections in Geology
Information about the 4.6 billion year history of the planet Earth is stored in rocks, minerals and fossils, which together form the essence of geological collections, or geocollections. A large part of geological research is based on collections and often discoveries arise from specimens once collected and stored in museums.
On the other hand, geocollections are created during geological research and need to be kept and made available as referece material.
Geocollections in Estonia
In Estonia, the main geocollections are owned by the following institutions that together make up a virtual national geological collection:
- Department of Geology at Tallinn University of Technology
- Geological Museum, University of Tartu
- Estonian Museum of Natural History
- Department of Geology, University of Tartu, and
- Estonian University of Life Sciences, Soil Museum
Large numbers of rock samples and drill cores are also held by the Geological Survey of Estonia.
Database SARV is used for managing geocollections-realted data in Estonia. Here one can find information on collection specimens, rock samples, drill cores, localities, references, photo archive etc related to geology. Dedicated websites facilitate accessing data on Baltoscandian fossils and analytical data.
Currently the database holds records about more than 340000 collection specimens and rock samples, and over 100000 digital images and other media files. The data are added and updated on daily basis.